Aclasta

zoledronic acid

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This is a summary of the European public assessment report (EPAR) for Aclasta. It explains how the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) assessed the medicine to reach its opinion in favour of granting a marketing authorisation and its recommendations on the conditions of use for Aclasta.

What is Aclasta?

Aclasta is a solution for infusion (drip into a vein) that contains the active substance zoledronic acid.

What is Aclasta used for?

Aclasta is used to treat osteoporosis (a disease that makes bones fragile) in women who have been through the menopause and in men. It is used in patients who are at risk of fractures (broken bones) including those who have recently broken their hip in a minor trauma such as a fall, and in patients whose osteoporosis is linked to long-term treatment with glucocorticoids (a type of steroid).

Aclasta is also used to treat Paget’s disease of the bone in adults. This is a disease where the normal process of bone growth is changed.

The medicine can only be obtained with a prescription.

How is Aclasta used?

Aclasta is given as an infusion lasting at least 15 minutes. This can be repeated once a year in patients being treated for osteoporosis. Patients who have broken their hip should not receive Aclasta any earlier than two weeks after the operation to repair the fracture. For Paget’s disease, only one infusion of Aclasta is usually given, but additional infusions can be considered if the patient’s disease comes back. The effect of each infusion lasts for a year or more.

Patients must have adequate fluids before and after treatment, and should receive adequate supplements of vitamin D and calcium. Using paracetamol or ibuprofen (anti‑inflammatory medicines) shortly after Aclasta can reduce symptoms such as fever, muscle pain, influenza (flu)-like symptoms, joint pain and headache in the three days following the infusion. In the treatment of Paget’s disease of the bone, Aclasta must only be used by a doctor who has experience in the treatment of the disease. Aclasta should not be used in patients with severe kidney problems. See the package leaflet for full details.

How does Aclasta work?

Osteoporosis happens when not enough new bone grows to replace the bone that is naturally broken down. Gradually, the bones become thin and fragile, and more likely to fracture. In women, osteoporosis is more common after the menopause, when the levels of the female hormone oestrogen fall. Osteoporosis can also occur in both sexes as a side effect of glucocorticoid treatment. In Paget’s disease, the bone breaks down more quickly, and when it grows back, it is weaker than normal.

The active substance in Aclasta, zoledronic acid, is a bisphosphonate. It stops the action of the osteoclasts, the cells in the body that are involved in breaking down the bone tissue. This leads to less bone loss in osteoporosis and less disease activity in Paget’s disease. Zoledronic acid has also been authorised in the European Union (EU) as Zometa since March 2001 for the prevention of bone complications in patients with cancer that is affecting the bone, and for the treatment of hypercalcaemia (high blood calcium levels) caused by tumours.

How has Aclasta been studied?

Because zoledronic acid has been authorised in the EU as Zometa for a number of years, the company presented the results of some studies carried out with Zometa, which were taken into account when assessing Aclasta.

For osteoporosis, Aclasta has been studied in three main studies. The first compared Aclasta with placebo (a dummy treatment) in almost 8,000 elderly women with osteoporosis, looking at the number of fractures in the spine and the hip over three years. The second study compared Aclasta with placebo in 2,127 men and women with osteoporosis who had recently broken their hip, and looked at the number of fractures over up to five years. The third compared one infusion of Aclasta with daily treatment with risedronate (another bisphosphonate) in 833 men and women with osteoporosis caused by glucocorticoids, and looked at the change in the density of the bones in the spine over a year. In these studies, the patients could take other medicines for osteoporosis, but not other bisphosphonates.

For Paget’s disease, Aclasta has been compared with risedronate in a total of 357 adults in two studies lasting six months. The patients received one infusion of Aclasta or they took risedronate once a day for two months. The main measure of effectiveness was the number of patients who responded to treatment, defined as blood levels of serum alkaline phosphatase (an enzyme involved in the breakdown of bone) returning to normal or falling at least three quarters of the way back to normal.

What benefit has Aclasta shown during the studies?

In osteoporosis, Aclasta was more effective than the comparator medicines. In the study of elderly women, the risk of fractures in the spine was reduced by 70% in patients taking Aclasta (without any other medicines for osteoporosis) over three years when compared with those taking placebo. There was a 41% risk reduction in hip fractures, when comparing all women taking Aclasta (with or without other osteoporosis medicines) with those taking placebo. In the study of men and women who had broken their hip, 9% of the patients receiving Aclasta had a fracture (92 out of 1,065), compared with 13% of the patients receiving placebo (139 out of 1,062). Finally, Aclasta was more effective than risedronate at increasing spine bone density over a year’s treatment in patients taking glucocorticoids.

In Paget’s disease, Aclasta was more effective than risedronate. After six months, around 96% of patients had responded to treatment in the two studies, compared with around 74% of the patients who received risedronate.

What is the risk associated with Aclasta?

Most side effects with Aclasta tend to occur within the first three days after infusion, becoming less common with repeated infusions. The most common side effect with Aclasta (seen in more than 1 patient in 10) is fever. For the full list of all side effects reported with Aclasta, see the package leaflet.

Aclasta must not be used in people who are hypersensitive (allergic) to zoledronic acid, to other bisphosphonates or to any of the other ingredients. Aclasta must not be used in patients with severe kidney problems or hypocalcaemia (low blood calcium levels), or in pregnant or breast-feeding women.

Why has Aclasta been approved?

The CHMP decided that Aclasta’s benefits are greater than its risks and recommended that it be given marketing authorisation.

What measures are being taken to ensure the safe use of Aclasta?

The company that makes Aclasta will provide educational packs in each Member State for doctors who prescribe Aclasta for osteoporosis, reminding them how the medicine should be used, and similar packs for patients to explain the medicine’s side effects and when patients should contact their doctor.

Other information about Aclasta

The European Commission granted a marketing authorisation valid throughout the EU for Aclasta on 15 April 2005. 

For more information about treatment with Aclasta, read the package leaflet (also part of the EPAR).

Name Language First published Last updated
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public BG = bălgarski 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public ES = español 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public CS = čeština 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public DA = dansk 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public DE = Deutsch 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public ET = eesti keel 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public EL = elliniká 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public EN = English 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public FR = français 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public IT = italiano 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public LV = latviešu valoda 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public LT = lietuvių kalba 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public HU = magyar 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public MT = Malti 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public NL = Nederlands 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public PL = polski 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public PT = português 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public RO = română 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public SK = slovenčina 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public SL = slovenščina 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public FI = suomi 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Summary for the public SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012

This EPAR was last updated on 05/12/2014 .

Authorisation details

Product details

Product details for Aclasta
NameAclasta
Agency product numberEMEA/H/C/000595
Active substance

zoledronic acid

International non-proprietary name (INN) or common name

zoledronic acid

Therapeutic area Osteoporosis, PostmenopausalOsteoporosisOsteitis Deformans
Anatomical therapeutic chemical (ATC) code M05BA08

Publication details

Publication details for Aclasta
Marketing-authorisation holder

Novartis Europharm Limited

Revision17
Date of issue of marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union15/04/2005

Contact address:

Novartis Europharm Limited
Wimblehurst Road
Horsham
West Sussex
RH12 5AB
United Kingdom

Product information

Product information

11/07/2014  Aclasta -EMEA/H/C/000595 -PSUV/0047

Name Language First published Last updated
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014
Aclasta : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 08/07/2009 05/12/2014

Contents

  • Annex I - Summary of product characteristics
  • Annex IIA - Manufacturing-authorisation holder responsible for batch release
  • Annex IIB - Conditions of the marketing authorisation
  • Annex IIIA - Labelling
  • Annex IIIB - Package leaflet

Please note that the size of the above document can exceed 50 pages.

You are therefore advised to be selective about which sections or pages you wish to print.


Name Language First published Last updated
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  
Aclasta : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 18/04/2006  

Name Language First published Last updated
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012
Aclasta : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 08/07/2009 07/06/2012

Pharmacotherapeutic group

Drugs for treatment of bone diseases

Therapeutic indication

Treatment of osteoporosis:

  • in post-menopausal women;
  • in men;

at increased risk of fracture, including those with a recent low-trauma hip fracture.

Treatment of osteoporosis associated with long-term systemic glucocorticoid therapy in post-menopausal women and in men at increased risk of fracture.

Treatment of Paget's disease of the bone.

Assessment History