Exjade

deferasirox

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An overview of Exjade and why it is authorised in the EU

Exjade is a medicine used to treat chronic iron overload (an excess of iron in the body) in:

  • patients from 6 years of age who have beta thalassaemia major (an inherited blood disorder in which patients do not have enough normal haemoglobin in the blood) and who receive frequent blood transfusions;
  • children aged 2 to 5 years with beta thalassaemia major who receive frequent blood transfusions, when deferoxamine (another medicine used to treat iron overload) cannot be used or is inadequate;
  • patients from 2 years of age with beta thalassaemia major who receive infrequent blood transfusions, when deferoxamine cannot be used or is inadequate;
  • patients from 2 years of age who suffer from other types of anaemia (low levels of haemoglobin in the blood) and who receive blood transfusions, when deferoxamine cannot be used or is inadequate;
  • patients from 10 years of age with non-transfusion-dependent thalassaemia syndromes, when deferoxamine cannot be used or is inadequate. Non-transfusion-dependent thalassaemia syndromes are blood disorders similar to beta thalassaemia major but which do not require blood transfusions. In these patients iron overload is caused by excess absorption of iron from the gut.

Exjade contains the active substance deferasirox.

How is Exjade used?

Exjade can only be obtained with a prescription and treatment should be started and supervised by a doctor who is experienced in the treatment of chronic iron overload.

It is available as film-coated tablets, dispersible tablets and granules. The film-coated tablets are to be swallowed with water while the dispersible tablets are to be mixed with a liquid to make up a suspension that the patient can drink. The granules are sprinkled on soft food such as yogurt or apple sauce that the patient can eat.

The starting dose of Exjade depends on the patient’s body weight, on which form of the medicine is being taken, what the medicine is used for, and on the level of iron overload. The dose is then adjusted as needed, every 3 to 6 months, according to the iron levels in the blood.

Exjade is taken once a day at around the same time. The dispersible tablets should be taken on an empty stomach (at least 30 minutes before food), and the film-coated tablets and granules can be taken on an empty stomach or with a light meal.

For more information about using Exjade, see the package leaflet or contact your doctor or pharmacist.

How does Exjade work?

The body cannot remove iron effectively and excess iron can cause damage. The active substance in Exjade, deferasirox, is an ‘iron chelator’. It attaches to excess iron in the body to form a compound called a ‘chelate’ that can be removed by the body, mainly in the stool. This helps to correct the iron overload and prevent damage to organs such as the heart or liver from excess iron.

What benefits of Exjade have been shown in studies?

In chronic iron overload due to blood transfusions, one main study compared Exjade with deferoxamine in 591 patients with beta thalassaemia major. About half of the patients were under the age of 16 years, and 56 were less than 6 years old. Effectiveness was determined by the level of iron in the liver before and after one year of treatment. The iron level was reduced satisfactorily in 53% of the patients receiving Exjade, compared with 66% of the patients receiving deferoxamine. Exjade was not as effective overall as the comparator medicine. However, in the 381 patients who had particularly high levels of iron at the beginning of the study and who received comparable amounts of Exjade and deferoxamine, the two medicines were as effective as each other.

Another study involved 184 patients who could not be treated with deferoxamine, including patients with beta thalassaemia major and with other types of anaemia. In more than half of these patients the iron level was reduced satisfactorily after a year of treatment with Exjade, including patients aged between 2 and 5 years.

In a further main study involving 166 patients from 10 years of age (including 21 patients aged 10 to 18 years) with non-transfusion-dependent thalassaemia syndromes and iron overload, Exjade was more effective than placebo (a dummy treatment). The main measure of effectiveness was the change in iron levels in the liver after 12 months of treatment. In patients treated with Exjade, liver iron levels decreased on average by 3.8 mg per gram of liver compared with an average increase of 0.4 mg per gram of liver in patients treated with placebo.

What are the risks associated with Exjade?

The most common side effect with Exjade (which may affect more than 1 in 10 people) is increased blood creatinine (a marker of kidney problems). Other common side effects (in up to 1 patient in 10) include nausea (feeling sick), vomiting, diarrhoea, indigestion, abdominal (belly) pain, constipation, headache, rash, itching, blood tests showing raised transaminases (which may suggest liver damage) and protein in urine. For the full list of side effects of Exjade, see the package leaflet.

Cases of kidney and liver failure have been reported with Exjade. Kidney and liver tests should be done before starting treatment and at regular intervals during treatment with Exjade. Treatment may need to be interrupted or stopped depending on the results of the tests.

Cases of metabolic acidosis (when the body produces more acid than it gets rid of) have been reported with Exjade, mostly in patients with kidney impairment. Interruption of treatment with Exjade should be considered in patients who develop this condition.

Exjade must not be used in people whose creatinine clearance is less than 60 ml per minute. It must not be used in combination with other iron chelators. For the full list of restrictions, see the package leaflet.

Why is Exjade authorised in the EU?

The European Medicines Agency decided that Exjade’s benefits are greater than its risks and it can be authorised for use in the EU.

What measures are being taken to ensure the safe and effective use of Exjade?

The company that markets Exjade must issue an education pack to healthcare professionals. This pack aims to inform them about the treatment recommendations with Exjade, including choosing the right dose, that the doses are different for dispersible tablets compared to film-coated tablets or granules, and the need to monitor the patient’s health, especially kidney function. The company will also prepare a similar pack for patients.

The company will also perform the following studies: a study on the long-term effects of the film-coated tablets and dispersible tablets in children aged over 10 years with non-transfusion-dependent thalassaemia; and a study to assess the safety of the film-coated tablets (particularly when they are crushed) in children.

Recommendations and precautions to be followed by healthcare professionals and patients for the safe and effective use of Exjade have also been included in the summary of product characteristics and the package leaflet.

As for all medicines, data on the use of Exjade are continuously monitored. Side effects reported with Exjade are carefully evaluated and any necessary action taken to protect patients.

Other information about Exjade

Exjade received a marketing authorisation valid throughout the EU on 28 August 2006

Name Language First published Last updated
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview BG = bălgarski 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview ES = español 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview CS = čeština 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview DA = dansk 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview DE = Deutsch 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview ET = eesti keel 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview EL = elliniká 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview EN = English 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview FR = français 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview IT = italiano 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview LV = latviešu valoda 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview LT = lietuvių kalba 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview HU = magyar 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview MT = Malti 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview NL = Nederlands 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview PL = polski 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview PT = português 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview RO = română 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview SK = slovenčina 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview SL = slovenščina 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview FI = suomi 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview SV = svenska 2008-09-04 2018-08-13
Exjade : EPAR - Medicine overview HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-04 2018-08-13

This EPAR was last updated on 13/08/2018 .

Authorisation details

Product details

Product details for Exjade
NameExjade
Agency product numberEMEA/H/C/000670
Active substance

deferasirox

International non-proprietary name (INN) or common name

deferasirox

Therapeutic area beta-ThalassemiaIron Overload
Anatomical therapeutic chemical (ATC) code V03AC03
Additional monitoring

This medicine is under additional monitoring. This means that it is being monitored even more intensively than other medicines. For more information, see medicines under additional monitoring.

Publication details

Publication details for Exjade
Marketing-authorisation holder

Novartis Europharm Limited

Revision40
Date of issue of marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union28/08/2006

Contact address:

Novartis Europharm Limited
Elm Park
Merrion Road
Dublin 4
Ireland

Product information

Product information

23/07/2018  Exjade -EMEA/H/C/000670 -PSUSA/00000939/201710

Name Language First published Last updated
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02

Contents

  • Annex I - Summary of product characteristics
  • Annex IIA - Manufacturing-authorisation holder responsible for batch release
  • Annex IIB - Conditions of the marketing authorisation
  • Annex IIIA - Labelling
  • Annex IIIB - Package leaflet

Please note that the size of the above document can exceed 50 pages.

You are therefore advised to be selective about which sections or pages you wish to print.


Name Language First published Last updated
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24
Exjade : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-09-29 2017-11-24

Name Language First published Last updated
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  
Exjade : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV HR = Hrvatski 2008-10-02  

Pharmacotherapeutic group

All other therapeutic products

Therapeutic indication

Exjade is indicated for the treatment of chronic iron overload due to frequent blood transfusions (≥ 7 ml/kg/month of packed red blood cells) in patients with beta thalassaemia major aged six years and older.

Exjade is also indicated for the treatment of chronic iron overload due to blood transfusions when deferoxamine therapy is contraindicated or inadequate in the following patient groups:

  • in patients with beta thalassaemia major with iron overload due to frequent blood transfusions (≥ 7 ml/kg/month of packed red blood cells) aged two to five years;
  • in patients with beta thalassaemia major with iron overload due to infrequent blood transfusions (< 7 ml/kg/month of packed red blood cells) aged two years and older;
  • in patients with other anaemias aged two years and older.

Exjade is also indicated for the treatment of chronic iron overload requiring chelation therapy when deferoxamine therapy is contraindicated or inadequate in patients with non-transfusion-dependent thalassaemia syndromes aged 10 years and older.

Assessment History

Changes since initial authorisation of medicine

Name Language First published Last updated
Exjade : EPAR - Procedural steps taken and scientific information after authorisation HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-20 2018-08-02
Exjade-H-C-PSUSA-00000939-201710 : EPAR - Scientific conclusions and grounds for the variation to the terms of the marketing authorisation(s) HR = Hrvatski 2018-08-02  
Exjade-H-C-670-P46-074 : EPAR - Assessment Report HR = Hrvatski 2018-01-11  
Exjade-H-C-670-X-0054 : EPAR - Assessment Report - Extension HR = Hrvatski 2017-11-24  
Exjade : EPAR - Paediatric investigation plan compliance statement HR = Hrvatski 2017-11-24  
Exjade-H-C-PSUSA-00000939-201610 : EPAR - Scientific conclusions and grounds for the variation to the terms of the marketing authorisation HR = Hrvatski 2017-09-18  
Exjade-H-C-670-P46/070 : EPAR - Assessment Report HR = Hrvatski 2017-06-02  
Exjade-H-C-670-P46-073 : EPAR - Assessment Report HR = Hrvatski 2017-03-10  
Exjade-H-C-670-P46-072 : EPAR - Assessment Report HR = Hrvatski 2017-03-09  
Exjade-H-C-670-P46-060.1 : EPAR - Assessment Report HR = Hrvatski 2016-11-22  
Exjade-H-C-670-P46-0069 : EPAR - Assessment Report HR = Hrvatski 2016-08-18  
Exjade-H-C-PSUSA-00000939-201510 : EPAR - Scientific conclusions and grounds for the variation to the terms of the marketing authorisation HR = Hrvatski 2016-08-12  
Exjade-H-C-670-P46-0066 : EPAR - Assessment Report HR = Hrvatski 2016-06-03  
Exjade-H-C-670-P46-0065 : EPAR - Assessment Report HR = Hrvatski 2016-06-03  
Exjade-H-C-670-X-0043 : EPAR - Assessment Report - Extension HR = Hrvatski 2016-04-22  
Exjade-H-C-PSUSA-00000939-201410 : EPAR - Scientific conclusions and grounds recommending the variation to the terms of the marketing authorisation HR = Hrvatski 2015-09-07  
Exjade-H-C-670-PSUV-0037 : EPAR - Scientific conclusions and grounds recommending the variation to the terms of the marketing authorisation HR = Hrvatski 2014-10-06  
Exjade-H-C-670-II-0025 : EPAR - Assessment Report - Variation HR = Hrvatski 2013-07-18  
Exjade-H-C-670-II-0026 : EPAR - Assessment Report - Variation HR = Hrvatski 2013-02-19  
CHMP post-authorisation summary of positive opinion for Exjade HR = Hrvatski 2012-11-16  

Initial marketing-authorisation documents

Name Language First published Last updated
Exjade : EPAR - Procedural steps taken before authorisation HR = Hrvatski 2007-04-17  
Exjade : EPAR - Scientific Discussion HR = Hrvatski 2007-04-17  

Authorised

This medicine is approved for use in the European Union

More information on Exjade

This product is no longer an orphan medicine. It was originally designated an orphan medicine on 13 March 2002. Exjade was withdrawn from the Community register of orphan medicinal products in September 2016 at the end of the 10-year period of market exclusivity.

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