Isentress

raltegravir

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This is a summary of the European public assessment report (EPAR) for Isentress. It explains how the Agency assessed the medicine to recommend its authorisation in the EU and its conditions of use. It is not intended to provide practical advice on how to use Isentress.

For practical information about using Isentress, patients should read the package leaflet or contact their doctor or pharmacist.

What is Isentress and what is it used for?

Isentress is an anti-HIV medicine that is used in combination with other anti-HIV medicines to treat adults and children from the age of 4 weeks who are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1), a virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).

How is Isentress used?

Isentress can only be obtained with a prescription and treatment should be started by a doctor who has experience in the management of HIV infection.

The medicine is available as tablets to be swallowed (400 and 600 mg), chewable tablets (25 and 100 mg) and sachets containing granules for an oral suspension (each sachet containing 100mg). The granules are to make a mixture for children from 4 weeks of age to drink, the chewable tablets are for bigger children, and the 400- and 600-mg tablets are for different dose regimens in older children and adults, as recommended by the doctor. Equivalent doses of these different forms do not all produce the same levels of raltegravir in the body, so they must not be used interchangeably. Information on the doses and formulations to give to different patients can be found in the summary of product characteristics (also part of the EPAR).

How is Isentress used?

Treatment with Isentress should be started by a doctor who has experience in the management of HIV infection.

The oral granules are used to make oral suspensions for children aged 4 weeks and older weighing at least 3 kg. The chewable tablets are for bigger children weighing at least 11 kg, while the 400-mg tablets are for adults and children from six years of age weighing more than 25 kg.

Equivalent doses of these different forms do not produce the same levels of raltegravir in the body, so they must not be used interchangeably. Information on the doses and formulations to give to different patients can be found in the summary of product characteristics (also part of the EPAR).

How does Isentress work?

The active substance in Isentress, raltegravir, is an integrase inhibitor. It blocks an enzyme called integrase, which is involved in a step in the reproduction of HIV. When the enzyme is blocked, the virus cannot reproduce normally, slowing down the spread of infection. Isentress, taken in combination with other anti-HIV medicines, reduces the amount of HIV in the blood and keeps it at a low level. Isentress does not cure HIV infection or AIDS, but it may hold off the damage to the immune system and the development of infections and diseases associated with AIDS.

What benefits of Isentress have been shown in studies?

Isentress has been studied in six main studies:

  • two studies involved a total of 699 ‘treatment-experienced’ patients who were already receiving treatment for HIV infection that was not working. The studies compared Isentress with placebo (a dummy treatment), which were added to ‘optimised background therapy’ (a combination of other anti-HIV medicines chosen for each patient as it had the best chances of reducing the levels of HIV in the blood). The main measure of effectiveness was the reduction in the levels of HIV in the blood (viral load) after 16 weeks; 77% of the patients who took Isentress had viral loads below 400 copies/ml after 16 weeks, compared with 42% of those who took placebo. The response was sustained for at least 48 weeks;
  • a third study involved 566 patients who had not taken HIV treatment before and compared Isentress with efavirenz (another anti-HIV medicine). All of the patients also took tenofovir and emtricitabine (other anti-HIV medicines). The main measure of effectiveness was the number of patients who had ‘undetectable’ viral loads (below 50 copies per millilitre of blood) after 48 weeks. Isentress was as effective as efavirenz. After 48 weeks, 86% of the patients taking Isentress had viral loads below 50 copies/ml (241 out of 281), compared with 82% of those taking efavirenz (230 out of 282);
  • a fourth study in 802 patients who had not taken HIV treatment before showed that giving Isentress as a single dose of 1200 mg once daily was as effective as giving 400 mg twice daily. Patients also received the medicine Truvada (emtricitabine with tenofovir disoproxil). After 48 weeks, 89% (472 of 531) of those on the once daily dose and 88% (235 of 266) of those taking Isentress twice daily had viral loads less than 40 copies/ml;
  • Isentress has also been studied in a fifth study involving 126 HIV-1 infected children between 2 and 18 years whose existing treatment for HIV infection was not working. The study showed that Isentress was safe in children and levels of the medicine obtained in the blood in children were similar to those obtained in adults. Therefore, the effectiveness observed in adults is also expected in children.
  • A sixth study included 26 children aged 4 weeks to 2 years who were given Isentress oral granules made into a suspension. This study looked at viral load after 24 and 48 weeks. Isentress treatment led to a reduction in viral load and after 48 weeks 53% of the children had viral loads below 50 copies/ml.
What are the risks associated with Isentress?

The most common side effects with Isentress (seen in between 1 and 10 patients in 100) are abnormal dreams, nightmares, insomnia (difficulty sleeping), depression, abnormal behaviour, dizziness, headache, psychomotor hyperactivity (restlessness), vertigo (a spinning sensation), decreased appetite, abdominal distension (swollen tummy), abdominal pain (stomach ache), diarrhoea, flatulence (gas), nausea (feeling sick), vomiting, dyspepsia (indigestion), rash, asthenia (weakness), fatigue (tiredness), pyrexia (fever), atypical lymphocytes (abnormal white blood cells), and increased blood levels of some enzymes (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, lipase and pancreatic amylase) and triglycerides (a type of fat). Side effects in children were comparable to those in adults. For the full list of all side effects and restrictions with Isentress, see the package leaflet.

Why is Isentress approved?

The CHMP decided that Isentress’s benefits are greater than its risks and recommended that it be given marketing authorisation.

What measures are being taken to ensure the safe and effective use of Isentress?

Recommendations and precautions to be followed by healthcare professionals and patients for the safe and effective use of Isentress have been included in the summary of product characteristics and the package leaflet.

Other information about Isentress:

The European Commission granted a conditional marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union for Isentress on 20 December 2007. This was switched to a full marketing authorisation on 14 July 2009.

For more information about treatment with Isentress, read the package leaflet (also part of the EPAR) or contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Name Language First published Last updated
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public BG = bălgarski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public ES = español 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public CS = čeština 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public DA = dansk 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public DE = Deutsch 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public ET = eesti keel 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public EL = elliniká 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public EN = English 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public FR = français 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public IT = italiano 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public LV = latviešu valoda 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public LT = lietuvių kalba 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public HU = magyar 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public MT = Malti 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public NL = Nederlands 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public PL = polski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public PT = português 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public RO = română 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public SK = slovenčina 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public SL = slovenščina 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public FI = suomi 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public SV = svenska 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Summary for the public HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18

This EPAR was last updated on 18/07/2017 .

Authorisation details

Product details

Product details for Isentress
NameIsentress
Agency product numberEMEA/H/C/000860
Active substance

raltegravir

International non-proprietary name (INN) or common name

raltegravir

Therapeutic area HIV Infections
Anatomical therapeutic chemical (ATC) code J05AX08

Publication details

Publication details for Isentress
Marketing-authorisation holder

Merck Sharp & Dohme Ltd

Revision29
Date of issue of marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union20/12/2007

Contact address:

Merck Sharp & Dohme Ltd
Hertford Road
Hoddesdon
Hertfordshire
EN11 9BU
United Kingdom

Product information

Product information

13/07/2017  Isentress -EMEA/H/C/000860 -X/0059

Name Language First published Last updated
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-09-18 2017-07-18

Contents

  • Annex I - Summary of product characteristics
  • Annex IIA - Manufacturing-authorisation holder responsible for batch release
  • Annex IIB - Conditions of the marketing authorisation
  • Annex IIIA - Labelling
  • Annex IIIB - Package leaflet

Please note that the size of the above document can exceed 50 pages.

You are therefore advised to be selective about which sections or pages you wish to print.


Name Language First published Last updated
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18
Isentress : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14 2017-07-18

Pharmacotherapeutic group

Antivirals for systemic use

Therapeutic indication

Isentress is indicated in combination with other anti-retroviral medicinal products for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV 1) infection in adults, adolescents, children, toddlers and infants from the age of 4 weeks.

Assessment History

Changes since initial authorisation of medicine

Initial marketing-authorisation documents

Name Language First published Last updated
Isentress : EPAR - Procedural steps taken before authorisation HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14  
Isentress : EPAR - Scientific Discussion HR = Hrvatski 2008-01-14