Peyona (previously Nymusa)

caffeine

  • Email
  • Help

About

This is a summary of the European public assessment report (EPAR) for Peyona. It explains how the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) assessed the medicine to reach its opinion in favour of granting a marketing authorisation and its recommendations on the conditions of use for Peyona.

What is Peyona?

Peyona is a solution for infusion (drip into a vein) that contains the active substance caffeine citrate (20 mg/ml). The solution can also be given by mouth.

What is Peyona used for?

Peyona is used to treat primary apnoea in premature newborns. Apnoea in newborns is the cessation of breathing for more than 20 seconds. Primary means that the apnoea has no obvious cause.

Because the number of patients with primary apnoea of premature newborns is low, the disease is considered ‘rare’, and Peyona was designated an ‘orphan medicine’ (a medicine used in rare diseases) on 17 February 2003.

The medicine can only be obtained with a prescription.

How is Peyona used?

Treatment with Peyona should only be started under the supervision of a doctor experienced in treating newborn babies requiring intensive care. Treatment with the medicine should only take place in an intensive care unit for newborns that is well equipped for monitoring the baby.

Treatment is started with a dose of 20 mg per kilogram bodyweight given once by slow infusion over 30 minutes. After 24 hours, a ‘maintenance dose’ of 5 mg per kg bodyweight may be given everyday by slow infusion over 10 minutes or by mouth using a nasogastric tube (a tube through the nose to the stomach).

When judged necessary, the doctor may monitor the level of caffeine in the baby’s blood and adjust the dose accordingly. The doctor will stop treatment with Peyona when the baby has five to seven consecutive days without apnoea attacks.

How does Peyona work?

Apnoea in premature babies is due to the baby’s breathing centres in the brain not being fully developed. The active substance in Peyona, caffeine citrate, is a stimulant of the nervous system.

Caffeine citrate is an ‘antagonist’ of adenosine, a substance that blocks the activity of some parts of the brain, including the part responsible for controlling breathing. Caffeine citrate works in apnoea by blocking the receptors that adenosine normally attaches to. This reduces the effect of adenosine, stimulating the brain to resume breathing.

How has Peyona been studied?

Because caffeine citrate has been used in premature babies for a long time, the company presented information from the scientific literature. In a published study involving 85 premature babies who had had several episodes of apnoea, caffeine citrate was compared with placebo (a dummy treatment). The main measure of effectiveness was based on the reduction by at least a half in the daily number of apnoea episodes over ten days.

A large published study compared caffeine citrate with placebo in treating 2006 premature babies with apnoea. This study looked at how long the babies survived and whether or not they had neurological disabilities after 18 months.

In a published review of five studies, caffeine and theophylline (another stimulant) were compared with placebo in 192 premature babies with apnoea. The main measure of effectiveness in this review was the number of patients who did not have ‘treatment failure’. A baby was considered to be in treatment failure if there was no halving of the number of apnoea episodes, if the baby required a machine to assist in breathing or if the baby did not survive.

What benefit has Peyona shown during the studies?

Caffeine citrate was more effective than placebo at treating apnoea in premature babies. In six out of ten days caffeine citrate was more effective than placebo in reducing the number of apnoea episodes by at least a half. In addition, more babies who were given caffeine citrate had at least eight days with no apnoea: 22% of babies given caffeine citrate compared with none of babies who were given placebo.

In the large published study, 46% of babies given placebo (431 out of 932) died or had neurological disabilities compared with 40% of babies given caffeine citrate (377 out of 937).

In the review of five studies, fewer babies treated with caffeine or theophylline had treatment failure compared with placebo.

What is the risk associated with Peyona?

The most common side effects with caffeine citrate (seen in between 1 and 10 patients in 100) are infusion-site phlebitis (inflammation of a vein) and inflammation at the site of infusion. For the full list of all side effects reported with caffeine citrate, see the package leaflet.

Peyona should not be used in babies who may be hypersensitive (allergic) to caffeine citrate or any of the other ingredients.

Why has Peyona been approved?

The CHMP decided that Peyona’s benefits are greater than its risks and recommended that it be given marketing authorisation.

What measures are being taken to ensure the safe use of Peyona?

The company that makes Peyona will agree with Member States on a card that will be displayed in intensive care units where the medicine will be used. The card will contain information on how Peyona should be administered, including doses, the monitoring of plasma caffeine levels and the side effects that may occur during treatment.

Other information about Peyona

The European Commission granted a marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union for Nymusa to Chiesi Farmaceutici SpA on 2 July 2009. The name of the medicine was changed to Peyona on 24 November 2010.

For more information about treatment with Peyona, read the package leaflet (also part of the EPAR) or contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Name Language First published Last updated
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public BG = bălgarski 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public ES = español 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public CS = čeština 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public DA = dansk 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public DE = Deutsch 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public ET = eesti keel 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public EL = elliniká 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public EN = English 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public FR = français 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public IT = italiano 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public LV = latviešu valoda 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public LT = lietuvių kalba 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public HU = magyar 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public MT = Malti 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public NL = Nederlands 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public PL = polski 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public PT = português 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public RO = română 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public SK = slovenčina 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public SL = slovenščina 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public FI = suomi 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Summary for the public SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010

This EPAR was last updated on 07/04/2014 .

Authorisation details

Product details

Product details for Peyona (previously Nymusa)
NamePeyona (previously Nymusa)
Agency product numberEMEA/H/C/001014
Active substance

caffeine citrate

International non-proprietary name (INN) or common name

caffeine

Therapeutic area Apnea
Anatomical therapeutic chemical (ATC) code N06BC01
Treatment of rare diseases

This medicine has an "orphan designation" which means that it is used to treat life-threatening or chronically debilitating conditions that affect no more than five in 10,000 people in the European Union, or are medicines which, for economic reasons, would be unlikely to be developed without incentives.

Publication details

Publication details for Peyona (previously Nymusa)
Marketing-authorisation holder

Chiesi Farmaceutici SpA

Revision5
Date of issue of marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union02/07/2009

Contact address:

Chiesi Farmaceutici SpA
Via Palermo 26/A
IT-43100 Parma
Italy

Product information

Product information

03/03/2014  Peyona (previously Nymusa) -EMEA/H/C/001014 -R/0011

Name Language First published Last updated
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014
Peyona : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 06/07/2009 07/04/2014

Contents

  • Annex I - Summary of product characteristics
  • Annex IIA - Manufacturing-authorisation holder responsible for batch release
  • Annex IIB - Conditions of the marketing authorisation
  • Annex IIIA - Labelling
  • Annex IIIB - Package leaflet

Please note that the size of the above document can exceed 50 pages.

You are therefore advised to be selective about which sections or pages you wish to print.


Name Language First published Last updated
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 06/07/2009 15/12/2010

Name Language First published Last updated
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010
Peyona : EPAR - Conditions imposed on member states for safe and effective use - Annex IV SV = svenska 03/07/2009 15/12/2010

Pharmacotherapeutic group

Psychoanaleptics

Therapeutic indication

Treatment of primary apnoea of premature newborns.

Assessment History

Changes since initial authorisation of medicine

Name Language First published Last updated
Peyona : EPAR - Procedural steps taken and scientific information after authorisation SV = svenska 15/06/2010 07/04/2014

Initial marketing-authorisation documents

Name Language First published Last updated
Nymusa : EPAR - Public assessment report SV = svenska 06/07/2009  
Committee for medicinal products for human use, summary of positive opinion for Nymusa SV = svenska 23/04/2009  

Authorised

This medicine is approved for use in the European Union