Folotyn

pralatrexate

  • Email
  • Help

About

On 19 January 2012, the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) adopted a negative opinion, recommending the refusal of the marketing authorisation for the medicinal product Folotyn, intended for the treatment of peripheral T-cell lymphoma. The company that applied for the authorisation is Allos Therapeutics Limited.

The applicant requested a re-examination of the opinion. After considering the grounds for this request, the CHMP re-examined the initial opinion, and confirmed the refusal of the marketing authorisation on 19 April 2012.

What is Folotyn?

Folotyn is a medicine that contains the active substance pralatrexate. It was to be available as a solution for infusion (drip into a vein).

What was Folotyn expected to be used for?

Folotyn was expected to be used to treat adults with peripheral T-cell lymphoma, which is a cancer of a type of white blood cell called T-cells.

Folotyn was designated an ‘orphan medicine’ (a medicine to be used in rare diseases) on 13 April 2007 for the treatment of peripheral T-cell lymphoma.

How is Folotyn expected to work?

Pralatrexate is an ‘antimetabolite’ medicine. In the body, it is expected to take the place of folic acid and attach to an enzyme called dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR). DHFR is necessary for the production of new DNA, which is required for cells to divide and multiply. By attaching to DHFR, pralatrexate is expected to block the enzyme’s activity, inhibiting the division of the cancer cells and eventually killing them.

What did the company present to support its application?

The effects of Folotyn were first tested in experimental models before being studied in humans.

The company presented the results of one main study involving a total of 115 adults with peripheral T-cell lymphoma which kept coming back or did not respond to previous treatments. Patients were given Folotyn together with vitamin B12 and folic acid supplements (to compensate for the deficiency in these vitamins that may occur during Folotyn treatment). The main measure of effectiveness was based on the proportion of patients who responded to treatment. Response to treatment ranged from having improvements in the disease to having no sign of cancer. In this study, Folotyn was not compared with any other treatment.

What were the CHMP’s main concerns that led to the refusal?

In January 2012, the CHMP was concerned that the main study was designed in a way that did not allow the Committee to assess the benefit of the medicine, particularly since Folotyn was not compared with any other treatment or placebo (a dummy treatment) in another group of patients. Moreover, there was no clear improvement seen in the condition of the patients, as the study looked at the patients’ response to treatment but did not further allow the Committee to assess the effect on overall survival (how long the patients lived) or progression free survival (how long the patients lived without their disease getting worse). The CHMP was of the opinion that there was insufficient evidence to establish the benefits of Folotyn in the treatment of peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Therefore, at that point in time, the CHMP was of the opinion that the benefits of Folotyn did not outweigh its risks and recommended that it be refused marketing authorisation.

During the re-examination in April 2012, the CHMP’s concerns were not resolved. In particular, the Committee considered that the data submitted by the applicant were insufficient to establish the benefits of Folotyn in the treatment of peripheral T-cell lymphoma. The CHMP therefore confirmed its initial negative opinion.

What consequences does this refusal have for patients in clinical trials or compassionate use programmes?

The company informed the CHMP that there are no consequences on patients currently included in clinical trials or compassionate use programmes with Folotyn. If you are in a clinical trial or compassionate use programme and need more information about your treatment, contact the doctor who is giving it to you.

Name Language First published Last updated
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) BG = bălgarski 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) ES = español 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) CS = čeština 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) DA = dansk 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) DE = Deutsch 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) ET = eesti keel 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) EL = elliniká 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) EN = English 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) FR = français 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) IT = italiano 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) LV = latviešu valoda 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) LT = lietuvių kalba 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) HU = magyar 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) MT = Malti 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) NL = Nederlands 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) PL = polski 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) PT = português 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) RO = română 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) SK = slovenčina 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) SL = slovenščina 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) FI = suomi 2012-04-20 2012-07-11
Questions and answers on the refusal of the marketing authorisation for Folotyn (pralatrexate) SV = svenska 2012-04-20 2012-07-11

Application details

Product details

Product details for Folotyn
NameFolotyn
Active substance

pralatrexate

International non-proprietary name (INN) or common name

pralatrexate

Therapeutic area Lymphoma, T-Cell

Application details

Product details for Folotyn
Marketing-authorisation applicant

Allos Therapeutics Ltd

Date of opinion19/04/2012
Date of refusal of marketing authorisation21/06/2012

Assessment History

Name Language First published Last updated
Folotyn : EPAR - Public assessment report SV = svenska 2012-07-11  

Refused

This medicinal product has been refused.

Related information