Ryzodeg

insulin degludec / insulin aspart

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This is a summary of the European public assessment report (EPAR) for Ryzodeg. It explains how the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) assessed the medicine to reach its opinion in favour of granting a marketing authorisation and its recommendations on the conditions of use for Ryzodeg.

What is Ryzodeg?

Ryzodeg is a medicine that contains the active substances insulin degludec and insulin aspart. It is available as a solution for injection in a cartridge (100 units/ml) and in a prefilled pen (100 units/ml).

What is Ryzodeg used for?

Ryzodeg is used to treat type-1 and type-2 diabetes in adults.

The medicine can only be obtained with a prescription.

How is Ryzodeg used?

Ryzodeg is injected either once or twice per day, at mealtimes. It is given as an injection under the skin in the abdominal wall (at the front of the waist), upper arm or thigh. The place within the chosen area should be altered with each injection to reduce the risk of lipodystrophy (changes in the distribution of body fat) under the skin that can affect the amount of Ryzodeg absorbed.

The correct dose is determined individually for each patient. In type-1 diabetes, Ryzodeg is used in combination with rapid-acting insulin, which is injected at other mealtimes.

How does Ryzodeg work?

Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce enough insulin to control the level of blood sugar or when the body is unable to use insulin effectively. Ryzodeg is a replacement insulin that is very similar to the insulin made by the body.

The active substances in Ryzodeg, insulin degludec and insulin aspart, are produced by a method known as ‘recombinant DNA technology’: they are made by a yeast that has received a gene (DNA), which makes the yeast able to produce them.

Insulin degludec and insulin aspart are slightly different from human insulin. The differences mean that insulin degludec is absorbed more slowly by the body, and takes longer to reach its target in the body. This means it has a long duration of action. Meanwhile, insulin aspart is absorbed faster by the body than human insulin, and therefore it starts to work soon after it is injected and has a short duration of action.

The replacement insulin acts in the same way as naturally produced insulin, and helps glucose enter cells from the blood. By controlling the level of blood glucose, the symptoms and complications of diabetes are reduced.

How has Ryzodeg been studied?

The effects of Ryzodeg were first tested in experimental models before being studied in humans.

Ryzodeg has been studied in one main study involving 548 patients with type-1 diabetes and in four main studies involving 1,866 patients with type-2 diabetes. The studies compared Ryzodeg given at mealtimes with insulin glargine or insulin detemir (long-acting insulins), or with biphasic insulin (an insulin formulation consisting of a mixture of intermediate- and rapid-acting insulin). In the studies in type-1 diabetes, patients also received injections of rapid-acting insulin at other mealtimes. In the studies in type-2 diabetes, Ryzodeg was either given alone or in combination with other antidiabetes medicines.

All of the studies measured the level of glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c), which is the percentage of haemoglobin in the blood attached to glucose. HbA1c gives an indication of how well the blood glucose is controlled. All the studies lasted six months, but one was extended to one year. 

What benefit has Ryzodeg shown during the studies?

The studies showed that Ryzodeg was at least as effective as long acting insulins and biphasic insulin in controlling blood glucose levels in patients with type-1 and type-2 diabetes. The reduction in HbA1c levels was 0.7% in patients with type-1 diabetes and ranged from 1% to 1.7% across the trials in patients with type-2 diabetes.  

What is the risk associated with Ryzodeg?

The most frequently reported side effect during treatment with Ryzodeg is hypoglycaemia (low blood glucose levels).

Ryzodeg must not be used in people who are hypersensitive (allergic) to insulin degludec, insulin aspart or any of the other ingredients.

Why has Ryzodeg been approved?

The CHMP concluded that Ryzodeg is effective in controlling blood glucose levels in patients with type-1 and type-2 diabetes. Regarding its safety, the Committee concluded that Ryzodeg is generally safe and its side effects are comparable to those of other insulin analogues with no unexpected side effects reported. 

It also noted that Ryzodeg reduces the risk of hypoglycaemia during the night in patients with type-1 and type-2 diabetes. The CHMP decided that Ryzodeg’s benefits are greater than its risks and recommended that it be given marketing authorisation.

Other information about Ryzodeg

The European Commission granted a marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union for Ryzodeg on 21 January 2013.

For more information about treatment with Ryzodeg, read the package leaflet (also part of the EPAR) or contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Name Language First published Last updated
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public BG = bălgarski 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public ES = español 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public CS = čeština 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public DA = dansk 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public DE = Deutsch 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public ET = eesti keel 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public EL = elliniká 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public EN = English 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public FR = français 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public IT = italiano 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public LV = latviešu valoda 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public LT = lietuvių kalba 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public HU = magyar 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public MT = Malti 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public NL = Nederlands 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public PL = polski 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public PT = português 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public RO = română 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public SK = slovenčina 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public SL = slovenščina 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public FI = suomi 20/02/2013  
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Summary for the public SV = svenska 20/02/2013  

This EPAR was last updated on 26/08/2015 .

Authorisation details

Product details

Product details for Ryzodeg
NameRyzodeg
Agency product numberEMEA/H/C/002499
Active substance

insulin degludec / insulin aspart

International non-proprietary name (INN) or common name

insulin degludec / insulin aspart

Therapeutic area Diabetes Mellitus
Anatomical therapeutic chemical (ATC) code A10AD06
Additional monitoring

This medicine is under additional monitoring. This means that it is being monitored even more intensively than other medicines. For more information, see medicines under additional monitoring.

Publication details

Publication details for Ryzodeg
Marketing-authorisation holder

Novo Nordisk A/S

Revision6
Date of issue of marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union21/01/2013

Contact address:

Novo Nordisk A/S
Novo Allé
DK-2880 Bagsværd
Denmark

Product information

Product information

21/07/2015  Ryzodeg -EMEA/H/C/002499 -N/0015

Name Language First published Last updated
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Product Information SV = svenska 20/02/2013 26/08/2015

Contents

  • Annex I - Summary of product characteristics
  • Annex IIA - Manufacturing-authorisation holder responsible for batch release
  • Annex IIB - Conditions of the marketing authorisation
  • Annex IIIA - Labelling
  • Annex IIIB - Package leaflet

Please note that the size of the above document can exceed 50 pages.

You are therefore advised to be selective about which sections or pages you wish to print.


Name Language First published Last updated
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013
Ryzodeg : EPAR - All Authorised presentations SV = svenska 20/02/2013 25/10/2013

Pharmacotherapeutic group

Therapeutic indication

Treatment of diabetes mellitus in adults

Assessment History

Changes since initial authorisation of medicine

Name Language First published Last updated
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Procedural steps taken and scientific information after authorisation SV = svenska 25/10/2013 26/08/2015
Ryzodeg-H-C-2499-P46-0005 : EPAR - Assessment report SV = svenska 05/08/2015  

Initial marketing-authorisation documents

Name Language First published Last updated
Ryzodeg : EPAR - Public assessment report SV = svenska 20/02/2013  
CHMP summary of positive opinion for Ryzodeg SV = svenska 19/10/2012  

Authorised

This medicine is approved for use in the European Union