Solymbic

adalimumab

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This is a summary of the European public assessment report (EPAR) for Solymbic. It explains how the Agency assessed the medicine to recommend its authorisation in the EU and its conditions of use. It is not intended to provide practical advice on how to use Solymbic.

For practical information about using Solymbic, patients should read the package leaflet or contact their doctor or pharmacist.

What is Solymbic and what is it used for?

Solymbic is a medicine that acts on the immune system and is used to treat the following conditions:

  • plaque psoriasis (a disease causing red, scaly patches on the skin)
  • psoriatic arthritis (a disease causing red, scaly patches on the skin with inflammation of the joints)
  • rheumatoid arthritis (a disease causing inflammation of the joints)
  • axial spondyloarthritis (inflammation of spine causing back pain), including ankylosing spondylitis and when there is no damage on X-ray but clear signs of inflammation
  • Crohn’s disease (a disease causing inflammation of the gut)
  • ulcerative colitis (a disease causing inflammation and ulcers in the lining of the gut)
  • active enthesitis-related arthritis (a rare disease causing inflammation in the joints)
  • hidradenitis suppurativa (acne inversa), a chronic skin disease that causes lumps, abscesses (collections of pus) and scarring on the skin
  • non-infectious uveitis (inflammation of the layer beneath the white of the eyeball).

Solymbic is mostly used in adults when their conditions are severe, moderately severe or getting worse, or when patients cannot use other treatments. For detailed information on the use of Solymbic in all conditions, including when it can be used in children, see the summary of product characteristics (also part of the EPAR).

Solymbic contains the active substance adalimumab and is a ‘biosimilar medicine’. This means that Solymbic is highly similar to a biological medicine (also known as the ‘reference medicine’) that is already authorised in the European Union (EU). The reference medicine for Solymbic is Humira.

How is Solymbic used?

Solymbic can only be obtained with a prescription and treatment should be started and supervised by specialist doctors experienced in the diagnosis and treatment of the conditions for which it is authorised. Doctors treating uveitis should also take advice from doctors who have experience of using Solymbic.

The medicine is available as a solution for injection under the skin in a pre-filled syringe or pen. The dose depends on the condition to be treated and in children is usually calculated according to the child’s weight and height. After the starting dose, Solymbic is most often given every two weeks, but it may be given every week in certain situations. After training, patients or their carers may inject Solymbic if their doctor considers it appropriate. Patients may be given other medicines during treatment with Solymbic, such as methotrexate or corticosteroids (other anti‑inflammatory medicines).

For information on the doses to be used for each condition and other information on the use of Solymbic, see the package leaflet.

How does Solymbic work?

The active substance in Solymbic, adalimumab, is a monoclonal antibody (a type of protein) that has been designed to recognise and attach to a chemical messenger in the body called tumour necrosis factor (TNF). This messenger is involved in causing inflammation and is found at high levels in patients with the diseases that Solymbic is used to treat. By attaching to TNF, adalimumab blocks its activity, thereby reducing inflammation and other symptoms of the diseases.

What benefits of Solymbic have been shown in studies?

Extensive laboratory studies comparing Solymbic with Humira have shown that adalimumab in Solymbic is highly similar to adalimumab in Humira in terms of chemical structure, purity and biological activity.

Because Solymbic is a biosimilar medicine, the studies on effectiveness and safety carried out for Humira do not all need to be repeated for Solymbic.

The medicine has been shown to have similar effects to Humira in one main study involving 526 patients with moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis that had not responded adequately to methotrexate, and in another study in 350 patients with moderate to severe psoriasis.

In the rheumatoid arthritis study, response was measured as a 20% or more improvement in symptom score after 24 weeks of treatment: 75% of those given Solymbic responded, compared with 72% of those given Humira. In the psoriasis study, which looked at the degree of improvement after 16 weeks, there was an 81% improvement in symptom score with Solymbic compared with an 83% improvement with Humira.

What are the risks associated with Solymbic?

The most common side effects with adalimumab (seen in more than 1 patient in 10) are infections in the nose and throat, sinuses and upper respiratory tract, injection site reactions (redness, itching, bleeding, pain or swelling), headache and muscle and bone pain.

Solymbic and other medicines of its class may also affect the ability of the immune system to fight off infections and cancer, and there have been some cases of serious infections and blood cancers in patients using adalimumab.

Other rare serious side effects (seen in between 1 in 10,000 and 1 in 1,000 patients) include failure of bone marrow to produce blood cells, disorder of the nerves, lupus and lupus-like conditions (where the immune system attacks the patient’s own tissues, causing inflammation and organ damage), and Stevens-Johnson syndrome (a serious skin condition).

Solymbic must not be used in patients with active tuberculosis or other severe infections, or in patients with moderate to severe heart failure (an inability of the heart to pump enough blood around the body). For the full list of restrictions with Solymbic, see the package leaflet.

Why is Solymbic approved?

The Agency’s Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) decided that, in accordance with EU requirements for biosimilar medicines, Solymbic has a highly similar structure, purity and biological activity to Humira and is distributed in the body in the same way.

In addition, studies in rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis have shown that the effects of the medicine are equivalent to those of Humira in these conditions. All these data were considered sufficient to conclude that Solymbic will behave in the same way as Humira in terms of effectiveness and safety in its approved indications. Therefore, the CHMP’s view was that, as for Humira, the benefit outweighs the identified risk. The Committee recommended that Solymbic be given marketing authorisation.

What measures are being taken to ensure the safe and effective use of Solymbic?

The company that markets Solymbic must provide educational packs for doctors who will prescribe the medicine. These packs will include information on the safety of the medicine and an alert card to be given to patients.

Recommendations and precautions to be followed by healthcare professionals and patients for the safe and effective use of Solymbic have also been included in the summary of product characteristics and the package leaflet.

Other information about Solymbic

The European Commission granted a marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union for Solymbic on 22 March 2017.

For more information about treatment with Solymbic, read the package leaflet (also part of the EPAR) or contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Name Language First published Last updated
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public BG = bălgarski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public ES = español 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public CS = čeština 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public DA = dansk 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public DE = Deutsch 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public ET = eesti keel 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public EL = elliniká 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public EN = English 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public FR = français 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public IT = italiano 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public LV = latviešu valoda 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public LT = lietuvių kalba 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public HU = magyar 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public MT = Malti 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public NL = Nederlands 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public PL = polski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public PT = português 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public RO = română 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public SK = slovenčina 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public SL = slovenščina 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public FI = suomi 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public SV = svenska 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Summary for the public HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  

This EPAR was last updated on 07/04/2017 .

Authorisation details

Product details

Product details for Solymbic
NameSolymbic
Agency product numberEMEA/H/C/004373
Active substance

adalimumab

International non-proprietary name (INN) or common name

adalimumab

Therapeutic area Spondylitis, AnkylosingArthritis, RheumatoidHidradenitis SuppurativaColitis, UlcerativeArthritis, PsoriaticCrohn DiseasePsoriasis
Anatomical therapeutic chemical (ATC) code L04AB04
Additional monitoring

This medicine is under additional monitoring. This means that it is being monitored even more intensively than other medicines. For more information, see medicines under additional monitoring.

Biosimilar

A biosimilar medicine is a medicine which is similar to a biological medicine that has already been authorised (the ‘biological reference medicine’). The active substance of a biosimilar medicine similar to the one of the biological reference medicine. Biosimilar and biological reference medicines are used in general at the same dose to treat the same disease.

Publication details

Publication details for Solymbic
Marketing-authorisation holder

Amgen Europe B.V.

Revision0
Date of issue of marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union22/03/2017

Contact address:

Amgen Europe B.V.
Minervum 7061 
4817 ZK Breda 
Netherlands
 

Product information

Product information

22/03/2017  Solymbic -EMEA/H/C/004373 --

Name Language First published Last updated
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  

Contents

  • Annex I - Summary of product characteristics
  • Annex IIA - Manufacturing-authorisation holder responsible for batch release
  • Annex IIB - Conditions of the marketing authorisation
  • Annex IIIA - Labelling
  • Annex IIIB - Package leaflet

Please note that the size of the above document can exceed 50 pages.

You are therefore advised to be selective about which sections or pages you wish to print.


Name Language First published Last updated
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
Solymbic : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  

Pharmacotherapeutic group

Immunosuppressants

Therapeutic indication

Please refer to section 4.1 of the Summary of product characteristics in the product information document.

Assessment History

Changes since initial authorisation of medicine

Name Language First published Last updated

Initial marketing-authorisation documents

Name Language First published Last updated
Solymbic : EPAR - Public assessment report HR = Hrvatski 2017-04-07  
CHMP summary of positive opinion for Solymbic HR = Hrvatski 2017-01-27  

Authorised

This medicine is approved for use in the European Union

More information on Solymbic