On 26 October 2006, orphan designation (EU/3/06/406) was granted by the European Commission to Wainwright Associates Ltd, United Kingdom, for arimoclomol for the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
The sponsorship was transferred to Orphazyme ApS, Denmark, in January 2012.
- What is amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a progressive disease of the nervous system that is caused by the gradual deterioration of specific nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord that control voluntary movement. The loss of these so-called motor neurons causes the muscles under their control to weaken and waste away, eventually leading to paralysis. Symptoms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis vary from patient to patient, depending on which muscles weaken first. Symptoms may include tripping and falling, loss of motor control in hands and arms, difficulty in speaking, swallowing and/or breathing, persistent fatigue, and twitching and cramping. The reason why neurons deteriorate in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is thought to be that defective (misfolded) protein molecules accumulate in these cells. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is chronically debilitating and life-threatening.
- What is the estimated number of patients affected by the condition?
At the time of designation amyotrophic lateral sclerosis affected approximately 0.6 in 10,000 people in the European Union (EU)*. This is equivalent to a total of around 28,000 people, and is below the threshold for orphan designation, which is 5 people in 10,000. This is based on the information provided by the sponsor and knowledge of the Committee for Orphan Medicinal Products (COMP).
*Disclaimer: For the purpose of the designation, the number of patients affected by the condition is estimated and assessed on the basis of data from the European Union (EU 27), Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein. This represents a population of 459,700,000 (Eurostat 2004).
- What treatments are available?
A medicinal product called riluzole was authorised for the condition in the Community at the time of submission of the application for orphan drug designation. Satisfactory argumentation has been submitted by the sponsor to justify the assumption that arimoclomol might be of potential significant benefit for the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The benefit will have to be confirmed at the time of marketing authorisation. This will be necessary to maintain the orphan status.
- How is this medicine expected to work?
Misfolding of some proteins in motor-neurons is thought to be part of the development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Arimoclomol is a small molecule that stimulates the production of so-called chaperones, which are proteins that help these proteins folding correctly. This is hoped to decrease the loss of motor-neurons, and thus improve the symptoms.
- What is the stage of development of this medicine?
The effects of arimoclomol were evaluated in experimental models.
At the time of submission of the application for orphan designation, clinical trials in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis were ongoing.
Arimoclomol was not authorised anywhere worldwide for the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, at the time of submission. Orphan designation of arimoclomol was granted in the United States for the treatment of this condition.
According to Regulation (EC) No 141/2000 of 16 December 1999, the Committee for Orphan Medicinal Products (COMP) adopted on 6 September 2006 a positive opinion recommending the grant of the above-mentioned designation.
- Opinions on orphan medicinal product designations are based on the following three criteria:
- the seriousness of the condition;
- the existence of alternative methods of diagnosis, prevention or treatment;
- either the rarity of the condition (affecting not more than 5 in 10,000 people in the Community) or insufficient returns on investment.
Designated orphan medicinal products are products that are still under investigation and are considered for orphan designation on the basis of potential activity. An orphan designation is not a marketing authorisation. As a consequence, demonstration of quality, safety and efficacy is necessary before a product can be granted a marketing authorisation.
|Name||Language||First published||Last updated|
|EU/3/06/406: Public summary of positive opinion for orphan designation of arimoclomol for the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis||(English only)||02/04/2009||04/05/2012|
|Disease/condition||Treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis|
|Date of decision||26/10/2006|
|Orphan decision number||EU/3/06/406|
Review of designation
Sponsor’s contact details:
c/o COBIS A/S
Ole Maaløes Vej 3
2200 Copenhagen N
Telephone: +45 29 34 64 30
For contact details of patients’ organisations whose activities are targeted at rare diseases see:
- Orphanet, a database containing information on rare diseases which includes a directory of patients’ organisations registered in Europe.
- European Organisation for Rare Diseases (EURORDIS), a non-governmental alliance of patient organisations and individuals active in the field of rare diseases.