EU/3/10/770

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Orphan designation

For a list of the administrative updates to this public summary of opinion, please refer to the PDF document below.

On 20 September 2010, orphan designation (EU/3/10/770) was granted by the European Commission to Sanofi Aventis, France, for 1-[2-(benzo[1,2,5]thiadiazol-5-ylamino)-6-(2,6-dichloro-phenyl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl]-3-tert-butyl-urea for the treatment of acute myeloid leukaemia.

In October 2012, Sanofi Aventis changed name to Sanofi-Aventis Groupe.

What is acute myeloid leukaemia?

Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is a cancer of the white blood cells (cells that fight against infections). In patients with AML, the bone marrow (the spongy tissue inside the large bones) produces large numbers of abnormal, immature white blood cells called ‘blasts’. These abnormal cells quickly build up in large numbers in the bone marrow and are found in the blood.

AML is a life-threatening disease because these immature cells take the place of the normal white blood cells, reducing the patient’s ability to fight infections.

What is the estimated number of patients affected by the condition?

At the time of designation, AML affected less than 2 in 10,000 people in the European Union (EU)*. This was equivalent to a total of fewer than 101,000 people, and is below the threshold for orphan designation, which is 5 people in 10,000. This is based on the information provided by the sponsor and the knowledge of the Committee for Orphan Medicinal Products (COMP). 


*Disclaimer: For the purpose of the designation, the number of patients affected by the condition is estimated and assessed on the basis of data from the European Union (EU 27), Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein. At the time of designation, this represented a population of 506,300,000 (Eurostat 2010).

What treatments are available?

Treatment for AML is complex and depends on a number of factors including the extent of the disease, whether it has been treated before, and the patient’s age, symptoms and general state of health. At the time of designation, the main treatments for AML were chemotherapy (medicines to treat cancer) and haematopoietic (blood) stem-cell transplantation (a complex procedure where the patient receives stem cells from a matched donor to help restore the bone marrow).

The sponsor has provided sufficient information to show that this medicine might be of significant benefit for patients with AML because it works in a different way to existing treatments and because early studies in experimental models indicate that it might improve the treatment of patients with this condition. This assumption will need to be confirmed at the time of marketing authorisation, in order to maintain the orphan status.

How is this medicine expected to work?

This medicine is expected to work mainly by blocking enzymes called Src kinases. These enzymes can be found in some receptors on the surface of AML cells, including the receptors that are involved in stimulating the cells to divide uncontrollably. By blocking these enzymes, this medicine is expected to control the spread of AML cells.

What is the stage of development of this medicine?

The effects of 1-[2-(benzo[1,2,5]thiadiazol-5-ylamino)-6-(2,6-dichloro-phenyl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl]-3-tert-butyl-urea have been evaluated in experimental models.

At the time of submission of the application for orphan designation, clinical trials with the medicine in patients with AML were ongoing.

At the time of submission, this medicine was not authorised anywhere in the EU for AML or designated as an orphan medicinal product elsewhere for this condition.

In accordance with Regulation (EC) No 141/2000 of 16 December 1999, the COMP adopted a positive opinion on 2 June 2010 recommending the granting of this designation.

Opinions on orphan medicinal product designations are based on the following three criteria:
  • the seriousness of the condition;
  • the existence of alternative methods of diagnosis, prevention or treatment;
  • either the rarity of the condition (affecting not more than 5 in 10,000 people in the EU) or insufficient returns on investment.

Designated orphan medicinal products are products that are still under investigation and are considered for orphan designation on the basis of potential activity. An orphan designation is not a marketing authorisation. As a consequence, demonstration of quality, safety and efficacy is necessary before a product can be granted a marketing authorisation.

Key facts

Product details for <p>1-[2-(Benzo[1,2,5]thiadiazol-5-ylamino)-6-(2,6-dichloro-phenyl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl]-3-tert-butyl-urea</p>
Active substance1-[2-(Benzo[1,2,5]thiadiazol-5-ylamino)-6-(2,6-dichloro-phenyl)-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl]-3-tert-butyl-urea
Medicine Name
Disease/conditionTreatment of acute myeloid leukaemia
Date of decision20/09/2010
OutcomePositive
Orphan decision numberEU/3/10/770

Review of designation

The Committee for Orphan Medicinal Products reviews the orphan designation of a product if it is approved for marketing authorisation.

Sponsor’s contact details

Sanofi-Aventis Groupe
54 rue de la Boétie
75008 Paris
France
Tel. +33 1 53 77 40 00
Fax +33 1 53 77 41 33
www.sanofi-aventis.com/contact/contact.asp

Patients' organisations

For contact details of patients’ organisations whose activities are targeted at rare diseases, see:

  • Orphanet, a database containing information on rare diseases which includes a directory of patients’ organisations registered in Europe;
  • European Organisation for Rare Diseases (EURORDIS), a non-governmental alliance of patient organisations and individuals active in the field of rare diseases.