On 27 October 2011, orphan designation (EU/3/11/926) was granted by the European Commission to Adienne S.r.l, Italy, for recombinant human minibody against complement component C5 for the treatment of primary membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis.
- What is primary membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis?
Primary membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis is a kidney disease in which parts of the glomeruli, (small filtering units in the kidneys which filter waste products from the blood and start urine production), are damaged.
The damage is caused by the body’s immune system attacking the glomeruli which leads to impairment of blood filtering, causing leakage of protein into the urine. Some patients have swelling in various parts of their body due to the large amount of protein that has leaked into the urine (nephrotic syndrome) while others may develop high blood pressure and have blood and protein in the urine (nephritic syndrome).
Primary membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis is a debilitating disease that is long lasting and may be life threatening because it can lead to nephrotic syndrome and complete failure of kidney function (end-stage kidney disease).
- What is the estimated number of patients affected by the condition?
At the time of designation, primary membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis affected approximately 1.6 in 10,000 people in the European Union (EU)*. This is equivalent to a total of around 81,000 people, and is below the ceiling for orphan designation, which is 5 people in 10,000. This is based on the information provided by the sponsor and the knowledge of the Committee for Orphan Medicinal Products (COMP).
*Disclaimer: For the purpose of the designation, the number of patients affected by the condition is estimated and assessed on the basis of data from the European Union (EU 27), Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein. This represents a population of 506,300,000 (Eurostat 2011).
- What treatments are available?
At the time of orphan designation there were no satisfactory treatments authorised in the EU for this condition. Because the disease involves the body’s immune system, immunosuppressant medicines were usually used. Other treatments used include plasmapheresis (a blood purification procedure), plasma infusion and antiplatelet agents. Patients developing end-stage kidney disease received dialysis and kidney transplantation.
- How is this medicine expected to work?
The part of the immune system involved in damaging the glomeruli is called the complement system, which is a group of proteins in the blood that can be activated to attack cells recognised as ‘foreign’.
This medicine is a small antibody (minibody) designed to target and attach to an important protein in the complement system called C5. By attaching to C5, the medicine is expected to block the chain of reactions that damages the glomeruli.
The medicine is produced by a method known as ‘recombinant DNA technology’: it is made by a cell that has received a gene (DNA), which makes it able to produce the medicine.
- What is the stage of development of this medicine?
The effects of recombinant human minibody against complement component C5 have been evaluated in experimental models.
At the time of submission of the application for orphan designation, no clinical trials with the medicine in patients with primary membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis had been started.
At the time of submission, the medicine was not authorised anywhere in the EU for primary membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis or designated as an orphan medicinal product elsewhere for this condition.
In accordance with Regulation (EC) No 141/2000 of 16 December 1999, the COMP adopted a positive opinion on 16 September 2011 recommending the granting of this designation.
- Opinions on orphan medicinal product designations are based on the following three criteria:
- the seriousness of the condition;
- the existence of alternative methods of diagnosis, prevention or treatment;
- either the rarity of the condition (affecting not more than 5 in 10,000 people in the EU) or insufficient returns on investment.
Designated orphan medicinal products are products that are still under investigation and are considered for orphan designation on the basis of potential activity. An orphan designation is not a marketing authorisation. As a consequence, demonstration of quality, safety and efficacy is necessary before a product can be granted a marketing authorisation.
|Name||Language||First published||Last updated|
|EU/03/11/926: Public summary of opinion on orphan designation: Recombinant human minibody against complement component C5 for the treatment of primary membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis||(English only)||23/11/2011|
|Active substance||Recombinant human minibody against complement component C5|
|Disease/condition||Treatment of primary membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis|
|Date of decision||27/10/2011|
|Orphan decision number||EU/3/11/926|
Review of designation
The Committee for Orphan Medicinal Products reviews the orphan designation of a product if it is approved for marketing authorisation.
Sponsor’s contact details:
Via Broseta 64/B
Telephone: +39 035 199 64047
Telefax: +39 035 258 672
For contact details of patients’ organisations whose activities are targeted at rare diseases see:
- Orphanet, a database containing information on rare diseases which includes a directory of patients’ organisations registered in Europe.
- European Organisation for Rare Diseases (EURORDIS), a non-governmental alliance of patient organisations and individuals active in the field of rare diseases.