On 12 December 2016, orphan designation (EU/3/16/1805) was granted by the European Commission to The Anticancer Fund, Belgium, for propranolol for the treatment of soft tissue sarcoma.
- What is soft tissue sarcoma?
Soft tissue sarcoma is a type of cancer that affects the soft, supportive tissues of the body. It can occur in muscles, blood vessels, fat tissue or in other tissues that support, surround and protect organs. Patients with soft tissue sarcoma do not usually have symptoms in the early stages of the disease. First symptoms appear when the tumour grows large enough to cause swelling and pain.
Soft tissue sarcoma is a long-term debilitating and life-threatening disease, particularly when the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
- What is the estimated number of patients affected by the condition?
At the time of designation, soft tissue sarcoma affected approximately 3.5 in 10,000 people in the European Union (EU). This was equivalent to a total of around 180,000 people*, and is below the ceiling for orphan designation, which is 5 people in 10,000. This is based on the information provided by the sponsor and the knowledge of the Committee for Orphan Medicinal Products (COMP).
*Disclaimer: For the purpose of the designation, the number of patients affected by the condition is estimated and assessed on the basis of data from the European Union (EU 28), Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein. This represents a population of 513,700,000 (Eurostat 2016).
- What treatments are available?
At the time of designation, the main treatment for early-stage soft tissue sarcoma was surgery. For large sarcomas, surgery was usually followed by radiotherapy (treatment with radiation) and chemotherapy (medicines to treat cancer) to kill any cancer cells that were left behind. Several medicines were authorised in the EU for the treatment of soft tissue sarcoma.
The sponsor has provided sufficient information to show that propranolol might be of significant benefit for patients with a particular type of soft tissue sarcoma affecting the blood vessels called angiosarcoma, because early studies show improved progression-free survival (how long patients lived without their disease getting worse) when the medicine was used in combination with standard treatments. This assumption will need to be confirmed at the time of marketing authorisation, in order to maintain the orphan status.
- How is this medicine expected to work?
Propranolol is a medicine known as a beta blocker, which has been used for many years in the EU to treat a variety of conditions, including diseases of the heart and high blood pressure, and non-cancerous growth of the blood vessels (haemangioma) in children. It blocks receptors in the body called beta adrenoceptors, preventing them from responding to the natural hormones adrenaline and noradrenaline.
Beta adrenoceptors are present in high amounts in the cancer cells of certain soft tissue sarcomas such as angiosarcoma where they are thought to play a role in stimulating growth and spread of the cancer. In addition, beta adrenoceptors play a role in reducing activity of the immune system (the body’s natural defences) as a response to stress. By blocking the activity of beta adrenoceptors, propranolol is expected to help boost the immune response against cancer and reduce cancer growth and spread.
- What is the stage of development of this medicine?
The effects of propranolol have been evaluated in experimental models.
At the time of submission of the application for orphan designation, clinical trials with the medicine in patients with soft tissue sarcoma were ongoing.
At the time of submission, propranolol was not authorised anywhere in the EU for soft tissue sarcoma or designated as an orphan medicinal product elsewhere for this condition.
In accordance with Regulation (EC) No 141/2000 of 16 December 1999, the COMP adopted a positive opinion on 4 November recommending the granting of this designation.
- Opinions on orphan medicinal product designations are based on the following three criteria:
- the seriousness of the condition;
- the existence of alternative methods of diagnosis, prevention or treatment;
- either the rarity of the condition (affecting not more than 5 in 10,000 people in the EU) or insufficient returns on investment.
Designated orphan medicinal products are products that are still under investigation and are considered for orphan designation on the basis of potential activity. An orphan designation is not a marketing authorisation. As a consequence, demonstration of quality, safety and efficacy is necessary before a product can be granted a marketing authorisation.
|Name||Language||First published||Last updated|
|EU/3/16/1805: Public summary of opinion on orphan designation: Propranolol for the treatment of soft tissue sarcoma||(English only)||2017-01-09|
|Disease/condition||Treatment of soft tissue sarcoma|
|Date of decision||12/12/2016|
|Orphan decision number||EU/3/16/1805|
Review of designation
The Committee for Orphan Medicinal Products reviews the orphan designation of a product if it is approved for marketing authorisation.
Sponsor’s contact details:
The Anticancer Fund
Tel. +32 2 268 48 16
For contact details of patients’ organisations whose activities are targeted at rare diseases, see:
- Orphanet, a database containing information on rare diseases, which includes a directory of patients’ organisations registered in Europe;
- European Organisation for Rare Diseases (EURORDIS), a non-governmental alliance of patient organisations and individuals active in the field of rare diseases.