Zactran

gamithromycin

  • Email
  • Help

About

This is a summary of the European public assessment report (EPAR) for Zactran.It explains how the Agency assessed this veterinary medicine to recommend its authorisation in the European Union (EU) and its conditions of use. It is not intended to provide practical advice on how to use Zactran.

For practical information about using Zactran, animal owners or keepers should read the package leaflet or contact their veterinarian or pharmacist.

What is Zactran and what is it used for?

Zactran is a type of antibiotic called a macrolide. It is used in cattle to treat bovine respiratory disease (BRD) caused by the bacteria Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, Histophilus somni and Mycoplasma bovis. Zactran can also be used metaphylactically which means to treat at the same time both diseased cattle and those clinically healthy cattle in close contact with them, to prevent them from developing clinical signs and to prevent further spread of the disease. When using Zactran for metaphylaxis of BRD, the presence of the disease in the herd should be established first.

Zactran is also used in pigs to treat swine respiratory disease (SRD) caused by the bacteria Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Pasteurella multocida and Haemophilus parasuis.

Zactran contains the active substance gamithromycin. For further information, see the package leaflet.

How is Zactran used?

The medicine can only be obtained with a prescription and is available as a solution for injection. Zactran is given as a single dose, by injection under the skin for cattle and into muscle for pigs. The dose to use is calculated according to the animal’s weight. Cattle weighing more than 250 kg and pigs weighing more than 125 kg will need to have the dose divided and injected at more than one site.

When using the antibiotic Zactran, it is essential to closely follow the instructions in the package leaflet to minimise the development of antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic resistance is the ability of bacteria to grow in the presence of an antibiotic that would normally kill them or limit their growth. This means that the antibiotic may no longer work on bacteria infecting either animals or humans.

For further information, see the package leaflet.

How does Zactran work?

The active substance of Zactran, gamithromycin, is an antibiotic of the macrolide group. It works by blocking the bacteria’s ribosomes, which are the parts of the cells where proteins are produced, and consequently inhibiting the growth of bacteria.

What benefits of Zactran have been shown in studies?

For the treatment of BRD, Zactran was studied in comparison to another macrolide antibiotic (tulathromycin), in cattle already affected by the disease.

For the metaphylaxis of BRD the effect of Zactran was studied in comparison to placebo (dummy treatment) in cattle which had been in contact with diseased animals on the same farm and, therefore, likely also to develop the disease.

Zactran was shown to be effective in the treatment and metaphylaxis of BRD associated with Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida and Histophilus somni. In the treatment of BRD Zactran was shown to be as effective as tulathromycin.

For the treatment of SRD a field study was conducted in pigs with SRD comparing Zactran to tildipirosin, another macrolide antibiotic. The main measures of effectiveness were respiratory and depression scores as well as body temperature. Treatment success was 97% in the Zactran-treated pigs compared to 93% in the tildipirosin group. A second field study in pigs with SRD compared Zactran to tulathromycin, however, in this study Zactran was not as effective as tulathromycin.

What are the risks associated with Zactran?

Zactran must not be given to animals hypersensitive (allergic) to any macrolide, and must not be used at the same time as other macrolides or another type of antibiotics called lincosamides.

The most common side effects with Zactran in cattle (which may affect more than 1 in 10 cattle) are swellings at the site of injection. The cattle may also show some signs of slight pain at the site of injection for one day. The swelling generally resolves in 3 to 14 days but may persist in some cattle for up to 35 days after treatment.

The most common side effects with Zactran in pigs (which may affect up to 1 in 10 pigs) are mild to moderate swellings at the site of injection. These local reactions are short-lived and typically resolve within 2 days.

For the full list of all side effects reported with Zactran, see the package leaflet.

What are the precautions for the person who gives the medicine or comes into contact with the animal?

People with known hypersensitivity (allergy) to similar antibiotics (macrolide class) should avoid contact with Zactran. Zactran may cause irritation to the eyes or the skin. Therefore, contact with skin or eyes should be avoided. If Zactran comes in direct contact with the eyes, they should be flushed immediately with clean water. 

Similarly, if Zactran comes into direct contact with skin the affected area should be washed immediately with clean water. In case of accidental self-injection, medical advice should be sought immediately and the package leaflet or the label should be presented to the physician.

What is the withdrawal period in food-producing animals?

The withdrawal period is the time required after administration of a medicine before an animal can be slaughtered and the meat used for human consumption. It is also the time required after administration of a medicine before milk may be used for human consumption.

The withdrawal period is 64 days for meat from cattle treated with Zactran and 16 days for meat from pigs treated with Zactran.

The medicine is not authorised for use in cows producing milk for human consumption. It should also not be used in pregnant cows or heifers which are intended to produce milk for human consumption within 2 months of calving.

Why is Zactran approved?

The Agency’s Committee for Medicinal Products for Veterinary Use (CVMP) concluded that Zactran’s benefits are greater than its risks and recommended that it be approved for use in the EU.

Other information about Zactran

The European Commission granted a marketing authorisation valid throughout the EU for Zactran on 24 July 2008. Information on the prescription status of this product may be found on the label/outer package.

For more information about treatment with Zactran, animal owners or keepers should read the package leaflet or contact their veterinarian or pharmacist.

Name Language First published Last updated
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public BG = bălgarski 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public ES = español 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public CS = čeština 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public DA = dansk 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public DE = Deutsch 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public ET = eesti keel 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public EL = elliniká 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public EN = English 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public FR = français 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public IT = italiano 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public LV = latviešu valoda 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public LT = lietuvių kalba 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public HU = magyar 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public MT = Malti 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public NL = Nederlands 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public PL = polski 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public PT = português 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public RO = română 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public SK = slovenčina 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public SL = slovenščina 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public FI = suomi 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public SV = svenska 2008-08-01 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Summary for the public HR = Hrvatski 2008-08-01 2016-03-23

This EPAR was last updated on 23/03/2016 .

Authorisation details

Product details

Product details for Zactran
NameZactran
Agency product numberEMEA/V/C/000129
Active substance

gamithromycin

International non-proprietary name (INN) or common name

gamithromycin

Species PigsCattle
Anatomical therapeutic chemical veterinary (ATCvet) codeQJ01FA95

Publication details

Publication details for Zactran
Marketing-authorisation holder

Merial

Revision8
Date of issue of marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union24/07/2008

Contact address:

Merial
29 avenue Tony Garnier
BP 7123
69007 Lyon Cedex 07
France

Product information

Product information

10/02/2016  Zactran -EMEA/V/C/000129 -X/0027

Name Language First published Last updated
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-04 2016-03-23

Contents

  • Annex I - Summary of product characteristics
  • Annex IIA - Manufacturing-authorisation holder responsible for batch release
  • Annex IIB - Conditions of the marketing authorisation
  • Annex IIIA - Labelling
  • Annex IIIB - Package leaflet

Please note that the size of the above document can exceed 50 pages.

You are therefore advised to be selective about which sections or pages you wish to print.


Name Language First published Last updated
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23
Zactran : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2009-08-03 2016-03-23

Pharmacotherapeutic group

Antibacterials for systemic use

Therapeutic indication

Cattle: Treatment and metaphylaxis of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) associated with Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida and Histophilus somni. The presence of the disease in the herd should be established before metaphylactic use.

Pigs: Treatment of swine respiratory disease (SRD) associated with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Pasteurella multocida, and Haemophilus parasuis.

Assessment History

Changes since initial authorisation of medicine

Name Language First published Last updated
Zactran : EPAR - Procedural steps taken and scientific information after authorisation HR = Hrvatski 2009-10-05 2016-03-23
Zactran-V-C-129-X-0027 : EPAR - Assessment Report - Variation HR = Hrvatski 2016-03-23  

Initial marketing-authorisation documents