Sileo

dexmedetomidine hydrochloride

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This is a summary of the European public assessment report. Its purpose is to explain how the assessment done by the Committee for Medicinal Products for Veterinary Use (CVMP) on the basis of the documentation provided, led to the recommendations on the conditions of use.

This summary cannot replace a face-to-face discussion with your veterinarian. If you need more information about your animal’s medical condition or treatment, contact your veterinarian. If you want more information on the basis of the CVMP recommendations, read the scientific discussion (also part of the EPAR).

What is Sileo?

Sileo is a veterinary medicine that contains dexmedetomidine hydrochloride. It is available as an oromucosal gel (a gel applied to the lining of the mouth).

What is Sileo used for?

Sileois used in dogs to reduce acute anxiety and fear associated with noise. Typical signs of anxiety and fear in dogs include panting, trembling, pacing, seeking people, hiding or trying to escape, refusal to eat and inappropriate urination or defaecation. Sileo is applied to the lining of the dog’s mouth between the cheek and gum from the pre-filled oral syringe. An initial dose is given either when the dog first shows signs of anxiety or when the owner detects a typical stimulus such as the sound of fireworks or thunder. The dose to be given depends on the dog’s bodyweight. If the noise continues and the dog shows signs of anxiety and fear again, further doses can be given at intervals of two hours, up to a total of 5 times during each event.

How does Sileo work?

The active substance in Sileo, dexmedetomidine hydrochloride, is a type of sedative medicine called an alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonist. It works by preventing the release of the neurotransmitter noradrenaline from nerve cells in the body. 

Neurotransmitters are chemicals that allow nerve cells to communicate with each other. Since noradrenaline is involved in maintaining alertness and arousal, reducing its release reduces the severity of acute anxiety and fear associated with noise.

How has Sileo been studied?

The effectiveness of Sileo was investigated in a field study involving dogs exposed to fireworks noise at New Year’s Eve. Sileo was given to 89 dogs and 93 dogs received a dummy treatment. The two main measures of effectiveness were the owner’s assessment of the dog’s behaviour at least two hours after the last dose compared to the previous year and the score given by the owner for signs of anxiety and fear after treatment.

What benefit has Sileo shown during the studies?

72% (64 of 89) of the Sileo-treated dogs were scored excellent or good for behaviour compared to 37% (34 of 93) of the group given dummy treatment. Score good for behaviour indicated only mild and short-lived signs of fear and anxiety shown by the dog whilst score excellent for behaviour indicated no signs shown.

Sileo-treated dogs also had significantly lower scores for signs of anxiety and fear than the dogs given dummy treatment.

What is the risk associated with Sileo?

Short-lived paleness of the lining of the mouth and gums at the application site may occur in less than 10 in 100 dogs due to a temporary localised narrowing of the blood vessels. Sedation, vomiting and urinary incontinence may also occur in less than 10 in 100 dogs.

Sileo must not be used in dogs with severe disorders of the heart and blood vessels, with severe disease such as kidney or liver failure or in dogs if unexpectedly sedated from a previous dose.

For a full list of all restrictions and side-effects reported with Sileo, see the package leaflet.

What are the precautions for the person who gives the medicine or comes into contact with the animal?

If Sileo is accidentally ingested or if there is prolonged contact with the eyes, lips or the inside of the mouth or nostrils medical advice should be sought immediately and the package leaflet or the label shown to the doctor. The affected person should not drive as sedation and changes in blood pressure may occur.

Contact with skin, eye, lips or the inside of the mouth or nostrils should be avoided. Impermeable disposable gloves should be worn when handling Sileo.

In case of skin contact the exposed skin should be washed immediately after exposure with large amounts of water and contaminated clothes should be removed. In case of contact with the eye or inside of the mouth, the area should be rinsed abundantly with fresh water. If symptoms occur, the advice of a doctor should be sought.

Pregnant women should avoid contact with the product as uterine contractions and reduced blood pressure of the unborn baby may occur after exposure to dexmedetomidine.

The oral syringe should be returned to the outer carton immediately after each use for child safety.

Why has Sileo been approved?

The CVMP concluded that the benefits of Sileo exceed the risks for the approved indication and recommended that Sileo be given a marketing authorisation. The benefit-risk balance may be found in the scientific discussion module of this EPAR.

Other information about Sileo

The European Commission granted a marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union, for Sileo on 10 June 2015. Information on the prescription status of this product may be found on the label/outer package.

Name Language First published Last updated
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public BG = bălgarski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public ES = español 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public CS = čeština 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public DA = dansk 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public DE = Deutsch 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public ET = eesti keel 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public EL = elliniká 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public EN = English 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public FR = français 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public IT = italiano 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public LV = latviešu valoda 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public LT = lietuvių kalba 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public HU = magyar 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public MT = Malti 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public NL = Nederlands 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public PL = polski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public PT = português 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public RO = română 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public SK = slovenčina 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public SL = slovenščina 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public FI = suomi 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public SV = svenska 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - Summary for the public HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  

This EPAR was last updated on 08/03/2018 .

Authorisation details

Product details

Product details for Sileo
NameSileo
Agency product numberEMEA/V/C/003764
Active substance

dexmedetomidine hydrochloride

International non-proprietary name (INN) or common name

dexmedetomidine

Species Dogs
Anatomical therapeutic chemical veterinary (ATCvet) codes QN05CM18


Publication details

Publication details for Sileo
Marketing-authorisation holder

Orion Corporation

Revision5
Date of issue of marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union10/06/2015

Contact address:

Orion Corporation
Orionintie 1
02 200 Espoo
Finland

Product information

Product information

01/03/2018  Sileo -EMEA/V/C/003764 -IAin/0008

Name Language First published Last updated
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08
Sileo : EPAR - Product Information HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07 2018-03-08

Contents

  • Annex I - Summary of product characteristics
  • Annex IIA - Manufacturing-authorisation holder responsible for batch release
  • Annex IIB - Conditions of the marketing authorisation
  • Annex IIIA - Labelling
  • Annex IIIB - Package leaflet

Please note that the size of the above document can exceed 50 pages.

You are therefore advised to be selective about which sections or pages you wish to print.


Name Language First published Last updated
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
Sileo : EPAR - All Authorised presentations HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  

Pharmacotherapeutic group

Nervous system, other hypnotics and sedatives

Therapeutic indication

Alleviation of acute anxiety and fear associated with noise in dogs.

Assessment History

Changes since initial authorisation of medicine

Name Language First published Last updated
Sileo : EPAR - Procedural steps taken and scientific information after authorisation HR = Hrvatski 2016-02-10 2018-03-08

Initial marketing-authorisation documents

Name Language First published Last updated
Sileo : EPAR - Public assessment report HR = Hrvatski 2015-07-07  
CVMP summary of positive opinion for Sileo HR = Hrvatski 2015-04-13