European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC)

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The European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC) project collects information on how antimicrobial medicines are used in animals across the European Union (EU). This type of information is essential to identify possible risk factors that could lead to the development and spread of antimicrobial resistance in animals.

The European Medicines Agency started this project in April 2010 following a request from the European Commission for the Agency to develop a harmonised approach for the collection and reporting of data on the use of antimicrobial agents in animals from EU Member States.

Reports

The Agency published the first report from this project in September 2011 covering the period 2005-2009. The report contains harmonised data of sales in nine EU countries.

The Agency published the second report from the project in October 2012. A total of 19 EU and European Economic Area (EEA) countries had submitted data on 2010 sales to the Agency.

In October 2013 the Agency published the third report from the project covering the data from 2011. The report reflects sales data submitted by 25 EU/EEA countries. 

The reports will be used by risk assessors and risk managers in Member States to inform antimicrobial policy and the responsible use of antimicrobials.

ESVAC population correction unit

The amounts of veterinary antimicrobial agents sold are linked to the animal demographics in each country. In order to normalise the sales data for the animal population that can be subjected to treatment with antimicrobial agents, a population correction unit (PCU) is used in the ESVAC as a proxy for the size of the animal population. The way the PCU is calculated can be seen in Appendix 2 of the first ESVAC report. 

Current activities

In 2013 ESVAC is collecting detailed and standardised data for 2012 following a call for data sent to 27 EU/EFA countries. The agency is also planning the collection of consumption data by species. 

Meetings

The Agency has held meetings on monitoring sales of veterinary antimicrobial agents in Europe, bringing together representatives of Member States and other stakeholders:

Any comments can be sent to esvac@ema.europa.eu.

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Document(s) Language Status First published Last updated Effective Date
Overview of comments received on draft ESVAC reflection paper on collecting data on consumption of antimicrobial agents per animal species, on technical units of measurement and indicators for reporting consumption of antimicrobial agents in animals (English only)   15/10/2013    
Revised European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC) reflection paper on collecting data on consumption of antimicrobial agents per animal species, on technical units of measurement and indicators for reporting consumption of antimicrobial agents in animals (English only) draft: consultation closed 19/12/2012 15/10/2013  
European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC) data collection protocol (English only)   20/04/2010 18/04/2013  
The ATCvet classification system (English only)   20/04/2010 24/03/2011  
European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC) data collection form (template) (English only)   20/04/2010 18/04/2013  
Examples on how to fill in the European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC) data collection form (English only)   20/04/2010 29/03/2012  
Principles for ensuring the confidentiality of data supplied to the European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Agent Consumption (ESVAC) project (English only)   24/03/2011    
Agenda - European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC) - 2nd annual network meeting 2012 - Agenda and summary (English only) adopted 20/02/2012 29/03/2012  
Presentation - European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption 2012 - Results and state of play (English only)   29/03/2012    
Workshop on collection of data on antimicrobial agents by species and on unit(s) of measurement (English only)   19/12/2011