COVID-19 vaccines: authorised

Vaccines authorised in the European Union (EU) to prevent COVID-19, following evaluation by the European Medicines Agency (EMA). 

EMA is not involved in advising on travel requirements in the EU, such as vaccination, quarantine or testing for travellers. 

Decisions about which COVID-19 vaccines are included, for example, in the EU Digital COVID Certificate, are taken by the EU Member States. EMA is in charge of the scientific evaluation of vaccines for EU marketing authorisation. The acceptability criteria for travel purposes are broader and can include, for example, World Health Organization (WHO) listed vaccines that have not necessarily undergone the EMA process of authorisation.

Official information on this topic is available in all EU languages at: 

Authorised COVID-19 vaccines

The following vaccines can be used in the EU to prevent COVID-19:

VaccineMarketing authorisation holderKey milestonesMore information
NuvaxovidNovavax CZ, a.s.Conditional marketing authorisation issued: 20/12/2021Latest news
Vaxzevria (previously COVID-19 Vaccine AstraZeneca)AstraZeneca AB

Conditional marketing authorisation issued: 29/01/2021

Annual renewal issued: 09/11/2021


Clinical data (login required)

Spikevax (previously COVID-19 Vaccine Moderna)

Moderna Biotech Spain S.L.

Conditional marketing authorisation issued: 06/01/2021

Annual renewal issued: 04/10/2021


Clinical data (login required)

Comirnaty (developed by BioNTech and Pfizer)

BioNTech Manufacturing GmbH

Conditional marketing authorisation issued: 21/12/2020

Annual renewal issued: 03/11/2021

Clinical data (login required)

Jcovden (previously COVID-19 Vaccine Janssen)

Janssen-Cilag International NV

Conditional marketing authorisation issued: 11/03/2021

Annual renewal issued: 03/01/2022


Clinical data (login required)

For more information on how EMA evaluated these vaccines, see:

Safety updates for authorised COVID-19 vaccines

EMA monitors the safety of COVID-19 vaccines authorised in the EU extremely carefully. This enables the detection of any rare side effects that may emerge once many millions of people are vaccinated.

Safety updates on each COVID-19 vaccine are available:

Increasing manufacturing capacity

EMA is actively involved in approving new manufacturing sites to increase manufacturing capacity and supply of COVID-19 vaccines in the EU:


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