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On 15 October 2020, the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) adopted a positive opinion, recommending the granting of a marketing authorisation for the medicinal product Rekambys, intended for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type-1(HIV-1) infection in combination with cabotegravir injection.

The applicant for this medicinal product is Janssen-Cilag International N.V.

Rekambys will be available as a prolonged-release suspension for injection (600 and 900 mg). The active substance of Rekambys is rilpivirine, a direct -acting antiviral non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) (ATC code: J05AG05). Rilpivirine triggers a non-competitive inhibition of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. It should always be used in combination with cabotegravir injection, another long-acting antiretroviral.

The benefits with Rekambys used in combination with cabotegravir injection are its formulation and delivery as a prolonged-release suspension for injection which reduces dosing frequency to once a month or every two months compared with daily oral antiretrovirals. A reduced dosing schedule may increase patient satisfaction and compliance.

The most common side effects observed in clinical trials for this regimen (Rekambys plus cabotegravir injection) were injection site reactions followed by headache, pyrexia, nausea, fatigue, asthenia, myalgia and dizziness.

In addition, there could be a risk of emergence of resistance associated with this long-acting regimen when it is not used correctly or not adhered to. Some measures have been put in place to minimise this risk (see sections 4.2, 4.4 and 5.1).

The full indication is:

“Rekambys is indicated, in combination with cabotegravir injection, for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV‑1) infection in adults who are virologically suppressed (HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL) on a stable antiretroviral regimen without present or past evidence of viral resistance to, and no prior virological failure with, agents of the NNRTI and INI class (see sections 4.2, 4.4 and 5.1).

Rekambys should be prescribed by physicians experienced in the management of HIV infection.”

Detailed recommendations for the use of this product will be described in the summary of product characteristics (SmPC), which will be published in the European public assessment report (EPAR) and made available in all official European Union languages after the marketing authorisation has been granted by the European Commission.

Key facts

Agency product number
International non-proprietary name (INN) or common name
  • rilpivirine
Active substance
  • rilpivirine
Therapeutic area
HIV Infections
Date opinion adopted
Company name
Janssen-Cilag International N.V.
Application type
Initial authorisation

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