Meeting highlights from the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) 16-19 May 2022
Nine new medicines recommended for approval
EMA’s human medicines committee (CHMP) recommended nine medicines for approval at its May 2022 meeting.
A recommendation for marketing authorisation was adopted for Cevenfacta (eptacog beta (activated)) for the treatment of bleeding episodes in patients with congenital haemophilia.
The CHMP gave a positive opinion under exceptional circumstances for a new gene therapy, Upstaza* (eladocagene exuparvovec). It is the first medicine intended to treat adult and paediatric patients with aromatic L‑amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) deficiency, an ultra-rare genetic disorder affecting the nervous system. See more information in the news announcement in the grid below.
Xenpozyme* (olipudase alfa) received a positive opinion for the treatment of two types of Niemann-Pick disease, a rare metabolic disorder caused by acid sphingomyelinase deficiency (ASMD). Xenpoxyme is the first ASMD-specific treatment and was supported through EMA's PRIority MEdicines (PRIME) scheme, EMA’s platform for early and enhanced dialogue with developers of promising new medicines that address unmet medical needs. See more information in the news announcement in the grid below.
A positive opinion under exceptional circumstances was adopted for Zokinvy* (ionafarnib), the first treatment for children with progeroid syndromes, an ultra-rare genetic disease which causes premature aging and death. See more information in the news announcement in the grid below.
Kinpeygo* (budesonide), a hybrid medicine indicated for the treatment of primary immunoglobulin A nephropathy in adults, received a positive opinion from the CHMP. Hybrid medicines rely in part on the results of pre-clinical tests and clinical trials of an already authorised reference product and in part on new data.
Four generic medicines received a positive opinion from the Committee: Ertapenem SUN (ertapenem), intended for the treatment of ertapenem-susceptible bacterial infection; Ganirelix Gedeon Richter (ganirelix), for the prevention of premature ovulation in women receiving fertility treatment and who are having ovarian stimulation; Sitagliptin / Metformin hydrochloride Accord (sitagliptin / metformin hydrochloride), a treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus; and Sugammadex Fresenius Kabi (sugammadex), a medicine intended for reversal of neuromuscular blockade induced by rocuronium or vecuronium.
Negative opinions for two new biosimilar medicines
The CHMP recommended the refusal of marketing authorisations for Tuznue (trastuzumab), a biosimilar medicine intended for the treatment of certain forms of breast cancer and gastric (stomach) cancer and for its duplicate Hervelous (trastuzumab). For more information on these negative opinions, see the question-and-answer documents in the grid below.
Recommendations on extensions of therapeutic indication for six medicines
The Committee recommended six extensions of indication for medicines that are already authorised in the European Union: Cosentyx, Keytruda, Nexpovio, Olumiant, Rinvoq and Xeljanz.
Review of impact of flawed bioequivalence data concluded
The CHMP recommended the suspension of marketing authorisations for some 100 medicines which obtained approval on the basis of flawed bioequivalence studies conducted by the contract research organisation Synchron Research Services, located in Ahmedabad, India. For around 20 medicines included in this review, bioequivalence data from other sources are available and therefore they are allowed to remain on the EU market. For more information about this review, see the public health communication in the grid below.
Conclusion of arbitration referral
The CHMP completed a review of Daruph/Anafezyn under Article 29(4) following a disagreement among EU Member States regarding its authorisation. The Agency concluded that the benefits of Daruph/Anafezyn outweigh its risks, and the marketing authorisation should be granted in the Member States of the EU where the company applied for a marketing authorisation (France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sweden and Slovakia). Daruph/Anafezyn is a cancer medicine to be used in adults and children to treat chronic myeloid leukaemia and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. For more information about this referral, see the public health communication in the grid below.
Withdrawals of applications
The applications for a marketing authorisation for HemAryo (eptacog alfa (activated)) and Sitoiganap (allogeneic and autologous haptenised and irradiated cells and cell lysates derived from glioma) were withdrawn by the respective applicants. HemAryo was intended for the treatment of bleeding episodes and for the prevention of bleeding after surgical procedures in patients with clotting disorders. Sitoiganap was meant to treat adults with malignant glioma, a type of brain cancer that is progressive or recurrent after treatment. Question-and-answer documents on the withdrawals are available in the grid below.
The CHMP recommended authorising a booster dose (third dose) of Vaxzevria for adults who completed the primary vaccination course with this vaccine or an approved mRNA COVID-19 vaccine.
Agenda and minutes
Key figures from the May 2022 CHMP meeting are represented in the graphic below.
*This product was designated as an orphan medicine during its development. Orphan designations are reviewed by EMA's Committee for Orphan Medicinal Products (COMP) at the time of approval to determine whether the information available to date allows maintaining the medicine’s orphan status and granting the medicine ten years of market exclusivity.
|Name of medicine||Cevenfacta|
|International non-proprietary name (INN)||eptacog beta (activated)|
|Marketing-authorisation applicant||Laboratoire Francais du Fractionnement et des Biotechnologies|
|Therapeutic indication||Treatment of bleeding episodes in patients with congenital haemophilia|
|More information||Cevenfacta: Pending EC decision|
|Name of medicine||Upstaza|
|Marketing-authorisation applicant||PTC Therapeutics International Limited|
|Therapeutic indication||Treatment of aromatic L‑amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) deficiency|
News announcement: First therapy to treat rare genetic nervous system disorder AADC deficiency
|Name of medicine||Xenpozyme|
|Marketing-authorisation applicant||Genzyme Europe BV|
|Therapeutic indication||Treatment of non-central nervous system (CNS) manifestations of acid sphingomyelinase deficiency (ASMD) type A/B or type B|
|Name of medicine||Zokinvy|
|Marketing-authorisation applicant||EigerBio Europe Limited|
|Therapeutic indication||Treatment of progeroid syndromes|
|Name of medicine||Ertapenem SUN|
|Marketing-authorisation applicant||SUN Pharmaceutical Industries (Europe) B.V.|
|Therapeutic indication||Treatment of ertapenem-susceptible bacterial infection and prevention of surgical site infection following elective colorectal surgery|
|More information||Ertapenem SUN: Pending EC decision|
|Name of medicine||Ganirelix Gedeon Richter|
|Marketing-authorisation applicant||Chemical Works of Gedeon Richter Plc. (Gedeon Richter Plc.)|
|Therapeutic indication||Prevention of premature ovulation in women receiving fertility treatment and who are having ovarian stimulation|
|More information||Ganirelix Gedeon Richter: Pending EC decision|
|Name of medicine||Sitagliptin / Metformin hydrochloride Accord|
|INN||sitagliptin / metformin hydrochloride|
|Marketing-authorisation applicant||Accord Healthcare S.L.U.|
|Therapeutic indication||Treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus|
|More information||Sitagliptin / Metformin hydrochloride Accord: Pending EC decision|
|Name of medicine||Sitoiganap|
|Common name||autologous glioma tumour cells, inactivated / autologous glioma tumour cell lysates, inactivated / allogeneic glioma tumour cells, inactivated / allogeneic glioma tumour cell lysates, inactivated|
|Marketing-authorisation applicant||Epitopoietic Research Corporation-Belgium (E.R.C.)|
|Therapeutic indication||Treatment of glioma|
|More information||Sitoiganap: Withdrawn application|
|Name of medicine||Cosentyx|
|Marketing-authorisation holder||Novartis Europharm Limited|
|Name of medicine||Keytruda|
|Marketing-authorisation holder||Merck Sharp & Dohme B.V.|
|Name of medicine||Olumiant|
|Marketing-authorisation holder||Eli Lilly Nederland B.V.|
Overview of (invented) names reviewed in April 2022 by the Name Review Group (NRG) adopted at the CHMP meeting of 16-19 May 2022 (PDF/160.84 KB)Adopted
First published: 20/05/2022
Scientific advice and protocol assistance adopted during the CHMP meeting 16-19 May 2022 (PDF/253.92 KB)Adopted
First published: 20/05/2022
Recommendations on eligibility to PRIME scheme - Adopted at the CHMP meeting of 16-19 May 2022 (PDF/186.12 KB)
First published: 25/05/2022